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Nov 27, 2018

Resources for People with Low Vision



This list not necessarily a complete listing of all organizations, manufacturers or distributors nor does listing imply ACB endorsement.

Organizations Aids and Devices


American Academy of Ophthalmology

655 Beach St.

P.O. Box 7424

San Francisco, CA 94120-7424


Fax: 415-561-8533 aaoe@aao.org www.aao.org

Distributes information on eye disorders and low vision.

American Council of the Blind

1703 N. Beauregard St

Suite 420

Alexandria, VA 22311

(202) 467-5081

(800) 424-8666

Fax: (703) 465-5085 info@acb.org www.acb.org

Provides services to blind and visually impaired individuals and publishes a monthly magazine, The Braille Forum, available at www.acb.org and in braille, large print, half-speed cassette, data CD, and e-mail. Available free of charge to members; a subscription fee is charged for non-members, organizations, and foreign subscribers.

American Foundation for the Blind

2 Penn Plaza, Suite 1102

New York, NY 10121

Toll Free: 800-232-5463

212-502-7600 info@afb.net www.afb.org

Publishes books, operates a national clearinghouse on blindness and visual impairment and makes referrals to low vision centers.

American Optometric Association

243 N. Lindbergh Blvd.

St. Louis, MO 63141

Toll Free: 800-365-2219

To send an e-mail, go to http://www.aoa.org/x4674.xml www.aoa.org

Provides information on low vision and maintains a list by state of their members who specialize in low vision. You may contact them to request the list for your area.

American Society of Cataract and Refractive Surgery

4000 Legato Road, Suite 700

Fairfax, VA 22033


Fax 703-591-0614

To send an e-mail, go to http://ascrs.org/contact www.ascrs.org/

ASCRS has data on intraocular implantation, does research and promotes continuing education of ophthalmologists. Has brochures available on cataract surgery and radial keratotomy.

BrightFocus Foundation (formerly the American Health Assistance Foundation)

22512 Gateway Center Drive

Clarksburg, Maryland 20871

Toll Free: 800-437-2423

Fax: 301-258-9454 info@brightfocus.org www.brightfocus.org/

The BrightFocus Foundation funds research seeking cures for Alzheimer’s disease, age-related macular degeneration and glaucoma, and provides the public with information about risk factors, preventative lifestyles, available treatments and coping strategies.

Council of Citizens with Low Vision International (CCLVI)

Toll Free 844-460-0625 www.cclvi.org

CCLVI is an international advocacy organization which publishes the quarterly magazine, Vision Access. Vision Access has information on living with low vision and is available in large print, cassette, e-mail or computer disk to members. Their mentoring and peer counseling program, Project Insight, is for people who are newly visually impaired or losing more vision. Project Insight is available nationwide. CCLVI advocates for low vision issues, provides information and referral, as well as scholarships for college students with visual acuity less than 20/70 or who are planning to provide low vision services. Further information about CCLVI is available on their website.

Eye Bank Association of America

1015 18th Street NW, Suite 1010

Washington, DC 20036


Fax: 202-429-6036 info@restoresight.org www.restoresight.org

Gives research grants to promote transplantation, certifies eye banks, and sets medical standards for the procurement, screening and distribution of corneal tissue for transplant. Also provides public education brochures on the above subjects.

Foundation Fighting Blindness (formerly National Retinitis Pigmentosa Foundation, Inc.)

7168 Columbia Gateway Drive, Suite 100

Columbia, MD 21046

Toll Free: 800-683-5555

410-423-0600 info@FightBlindness.org www.blindness.org

Holds regional and national workshops for volunteers and professionals. Has a public education and a retina donor program. Provides information and referral and awards research grants in the field of retinitis pigmentosa and other genetic retinal conditions.

Glaucoma Research Foundation

251 Post Street, Ste 600

San Francisco, CA 94108


Fax: 415-986-3763 grf@glaucoma.org www.glaucoma.org

They provide financial support for research in the field of glaucoma as well as distribute free educational material on glaucoma.

The Hadley School for the Blind

700 Elm St.

Winnetka, IL 60093

Toll Free: 800-323-4238


Fax: 847-446-0855 info@hadley.edu www.hadley.edu/

Provides tuition-free distance education to people with visual impairments and their family members.

Lighthouse International

111 East 59th Street

New York, NY 10022

Toll Free: 800-829-0500


Fax: 212-821-9707 info@lighthouse.org http://www.lighthouseguild.org

Has information on a variety of eye conditions and provides local referrals through a database of resources for people with low vision. (Also see Lighthouse International under Aids and Devices)

The Low Vision Centers of Indiana

Indianapolis Office: 317-844-0919

Fort Wayne Office: 260-432-0575

Hartford City: 765-348-2020 www.eyeassociates.com/

The Low Vision Centers of Indiana is a nationally recognized practice devoted to low vision rehabilitation. It is one of the most awarded optometric practices in the world. It contains extensive information on all aspects of professional low vision care and information on vision rehabilitation of stroke and brain injury patients.

Macular Degeneration Research


This web site has information about macular degeneration, treatment, risk factors, prevention, symptoms, resources, questions and answers, publications, news, and research.

Myasthenia Gravis Foundation of America

355 Lexington Avenue, 15th Floor

New York, New York 10017

Toll Free: 800-541-5454

Fax: 212-370-9047

To send an e-mail, go to http://www.myasthenia.org/ContactUs.aspx www.myasthenia.org

Provides information on, promotes cure of myasthenia gravis and holds professional, educational, and scientific symposia.

National Association for the Visually Handicapped

Acquired by Lighthouse International

National Eye Institute Information Office

31 Center Drive MSC 2510

Bethesda, MD 20892-2510

301-496-5248 2020@nei.nih.gov www.nei.nih.gov/

Has information on visual impairment, supports training of eye researchers, and conducts research on eye and vision disorders.  If you have any questions, problems or concerns about placing an order or about an existing order, please e-mail them at neipub@westat.com.

National Glaucoma Research


This web site has information about glaucoma, treatment, risk factors, prevention, symptoms, resources, questions and answers, publications, news, and research.

National Library Service for the Blind and Physically Handicapped

1291 Taylor Street, NW

Washington, DC 20542


Fax: 202-707-0712 NLS@loc.gov www.loc.gov/nls/

Loans braille and recorded books/magazines, book players, catalogs, bibliographies, music scores and music instruction materials free by mail via a national network of libraries. Call them for the number for your region. NLS also provides reference services on blindness-related topics.

National Organization for Rare Disorders, Inc.

55 Kenosia Avenue

Danbury, CT 06810

Toll Free: 800-999-6673 (voicemail only)


Fax: 203-798-2291

To send an e-mail, go to www.rarediseases.org/about/contact-us www.rarediseases.org/

NORD is a federation of voluntary health groups which help people and groups regarding rare "orphan" diseases by educational, advocacy, research and service programs. NORD works on identification, treatment, and cure of these disorders.

Perkins School for the Blind

175 North Beacon St.

Watertown, MA 02472


Fax: 617-972-7315 info@Perkins.org

Web site: www.perkins.org

Perkins produces a number of publications, workbooks and instructional tools for relatives and other caregivers of people who are blind, visually impaired, deaf-blind or with multiple disabilities. Now available is the Perkins Panda Early Literacy Program, a compilation of materials designed to teach early literacy skills to children with visual impairments and to help parents be more involved in their child's literacy development. It is also very appropriate for parents and grandparents with visual impairments for use with sighted (grand)children.

Prevent Blindness America

211 West Wacker Drive, Suite 1700

Chicago, Illinois 60606

Toll Free: 800-331-2020

To send an e-mail, go to http://www.preventblindness.net/site/survey?action_required=uri_action_user_requests&survey_id=1180 www.preventblindness.org

Has informational brochures on eye conditions and conducts public and professional education programs on prevention of blindness.

Research to Prevent Blindness

645 Madison Avenue, 21st. fl.

New York, NY 10022-1010

Toll Free: 800-621-0026

212-752-4333 inforequest@rpbusa.org www.rpbusa.org/

Has fact sheets and brochures on eye diseases, Visual Acuity Cards to test your eyes for symptoms of age-related macular degeneration; makes medical research grants, provides information on eye research and advocates for eye research.

Sight Loss Solutions

Send plain text e-mails only to sightlossink@aol.com www.sightlosssolutions.org/index.php

The scope of this website is awareness, availability and accessibility as they relate to sight loss. . Topics: text-to-talk; access resources; high tech; fun – learning; reference lists; grab-and-go talk plus text; national organizations

Smith-Kettlewell Eye Research Institute Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center

2318 Fillmore Street

San Francisco, CA 94115


TTY 415-345-2290

Fax: 415-345-8455 www.ski.org/

The Smith-Kettlewell Rehabilitation Engineering Research Center (RERC) develops new technology and methods for understanding, assessment and rehabilitation of blindness and visual impairment. Their target population consists of persons who are blind, visually impaired, and deaf-blind.

VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired

500 Greenwich Street, 3rd Floor

New York, NY 10013-1354

Toll Free: 888-245-8333


Fax: 212-219-4078 info@visionsvcb.org www.visionsvcb.org/

VISIONS/Services for the Blind and Visually Impaired assists people of all ages who are blind or visually impaired to lead independent and active lives in their homes and communities; educate the public to understand the capabilities and needs of people who are blind or visually impaired so that they may be integrated into all aspects of community life. They provide individualized rehabilitation training at home or in the community; social services; employment training and job development; group and community education and activities

Aids and Devices


ABiSee, Inc.

30 Sudbury Rd., Unit 1B

Acton, MA 01720

978-637-2900 support@abisee.com www.abisee.com

Provides Eye-Pal Ace, Eye-Pal Vision, Zoom-Ex, and Zoom-Twix low vision products; Eye-Pal Rol, Eye-Pal Reader, Eye-Pal, and Eye-Pal Solo blindness/low vision products.

Adaptify Solutions

8720 Georgia Ave., Suite 302

Silver Spring, MD 20910

(301) 589-0866

E-mail: info@Adaptify.Solutions (link sends e-mail)

Web site: Adaptify.Solutions

Facebook: www.facebook.com/adaptify.solutions (link is external)

Adaptify Solutions is a company that focuses on services and products that assists with improving independence for those with auditory and/or visual impairments. The company sells items like clocks, watches, phones, large print calendars, accessible medical items, games, eyewear, mobility canes, and much more. Adaptify also provides counseling services.

Ai Squared

Box 669

Manchester Center, VT 05255


Toll Free: 800-859-0270

Fax: 802-362-1670 sales@aisquared.com www.aisquared.com/

Makes and sells Zoom Text screen magnification software, i-loview Magnifier, ZoomReader (OCR app), and ZoomContacts (large-print contacts manager app) for iOS devices.

Ann Morris Enterprises, Inc.

200 Robbins Lane

Jericho, NY 11753

Toll-Free Sales: 800-537-2118

Technical Support: 516-937-1848

Fax: 516-937-3906

To send an e-mail, go to http://www.annmorris.com/contact.htm# www.annmorris.com/

Offers magnifiers, watches, large print check registers and other household, medical and leisure products.

Beyond Sight

5650 S. Windemere Street

Littleton, CO 80120


Fax: 303-795-6425

To send an e-mail, go to http://www.beyondsight.com/contact_us.php www.beyondsight.com

Provides magnifiers, binoculars, LP-DOS, ZoomText and VisAbility screen magnification software, CCTVs, wide variety of talking and large-digit products including GPS, braille displays, braille embosser, games and more.

The Big Type Company


Fax: 262-783-6599 bigtypeco@yahoo.com www.bigtypeco.com/

Products include a Date Calendar, Address Book, Check Register and 20/20 Pen.

Captek/Science Products (formerly Science Products for the Blind)

PO Box 144

Southeastern, PA 19399

Toll Free: 800-888-7400

610-296-2111 info@captek.net www.captek.net/Captek/Welcome.html

Master Vendor Systems/Talking Cash Registers, MVS/Talking Scales/Thermometer, MVS/Talking Currency Counters/Identifiers, MVS/Talking Coin Counters/Sorters, Light Sensor/Talking Calculator/Shop Tools, Magnifiers, Telescopes, Large Print

Enhanced Vision

5882 Machine Drive

Huntington Beach, CA 92649 USA

Toll Free: 888-811-3161


Fax: 714-374-1821

Technical Support: 800-440-9476 ext. 3

To send an e-mail, go to https://www.enhancedvision.com/contact-us/contact-enhanced-vision.html www.enhancedvision.com

Provides a wide variety of products designed for use by individuals with low vision.

Electronic Vision Access Solutions (EVAS)

39 Canal Street

P.O. Box 371

Westerly RI, 02891

Toll Free: 800-872-3827


TTY: 401-596-3500

 Fax: 401-596-3979 contact@evas.com

Information Request: inforequest@evas.com

Technical Support: techhelp@evas.com www.evas.com

EVAS specializes in the design and manufacture of Computer Access Solutions for people who are visually, physically, hearing or learning disabled.

Freedom Scientific Blind/Low Vision Group

11800 31st Court North

St. Petersburg, FL 33716-1805

Toll Free Sales & Information: 800-444-4443 (within US)

Fax: 1-727-803-8001

To send e-mail to any of several departments, go to https://www.freedomscientific.com/contact.asp www.freedomscientific.com

Provides TOPAZ® Desktop Video Magnifiers, ONYX® Portable Video Magnifiers, RUBY® Handheld Video Magnifier, SAPPHIRE® Handheld Video Magnifier, MAGic® Screen Magnification Software, MAGic Large Print Keyboard, MAGic Scripting Edition, PEARL® Portable Scanning and Reading Solution, OpenBook® Scanning and Reading Software, SARA™ Scanning and Reading Appliance, SARA™ CE Camera Edition Scanning and Reading Appliance, LED Magnifiers, SAPPHIRE Handheld Video Magnifier, LED Magnifiers.

General Mills Consumer Services

Large Type Directions

PO Box 9452

Minneapolis, MN 55440

Toll Free: 800-248-7310) 

Fax: 763-764-8330

Large print book with package directions for their products free of charge. Also includes recipes from those packages.

GW Micro

725 Airport North Office Park

Fort Wayne, IN 46825


Fax: 260-489-2608 sales@gwmicro.com www.gwmicro.com/

Provides Window-Eyes 8.1, The ReadEasy Move, GWConnect 2.1,Sci-Voice Lab Solution: Making STEM Accessible for Blind Students.

HumanWare, Inc (formerly Pulse Data)

1 UPS Way

PO Box 800

Champlain, NY 12919

Toll Free: 800-722-3393

Fax: 888-871-4828 info@humanware.com www.humanware.com/en-usa/home

Their low vision products include Desktop/Portable Magnifiers; Handheld Magnifiers; Scan and Read; Screen Magnification; Talking GPS; Digital Book Players; Intel Reader

Independent Living Aids

200 Robbins Ln.

Jericho, NY 11753

Toll-Free: 800-537-2118 or 855-746-7452

Technical Support: 800-537-2118 x3817

Fax: 516-937-3906

To send e-mail to any one of several departments, go to  https://www.independentliving.com/contact.asp www.independentliving.com/

Offers a variety of products including magnifiers, CCTVs, and talking and large digit items.

Innovative Rehabilitation Technology, Inc. (IRTI)

13453 Colfax Highway

Grass Valley, CA 95945

Toll Free: 800-322-4784


Fax: 530-274-2093 info@irti.net www.irti.net/

Provides hand held electronic magnifiers, portable electronic magnifiers, desktop electronic magnifiers, low vision software, and hand held magnifiers

JBliss Imaging Systems

PO 7382

Menlo Park, CA 94026


Fax: Please contact us first before faxing.

Toll Free/Support: 888-452-5477 info@jbliss.com www.jbliss.com/

Sells a variety of software for persons with low vision, such as Pico, Prisma, Quicklook, Web LV; PnC E-Mail; PnC Memo; PnC Net; VIP, and ZoomText, a Companion to VIP. Also provides complete systems.

Lighthouse International

The Lighthouse Store

111 East 59th Street

New York, NY 10022

Toll Free: 800-829-0500


Fax: (212) 821-9749 info@lighthouse.org http://www.lighthouseguild.org/store/

The Lighthouse store is a source for the latest products that can make day-to-day life easier. They offer a vast selection of helpful, vision-friendly products, including glare-free lighting, household items, magnifying mirrors, watches, clocks, computer software and CCTVs. (Also see Lighthouse International under Organizations.)

LS&S Group, LLC

Box 673

Northbrook, IL 60065

Toll Free: 800-468-4789

Local/International: 716-348-3500

Toll Free Fax: 877-498-1482

Local/International Fax: 716-873-3848

To send e-mail, go to http://www.lssproducts.com/contact www.lssproducts.com/

Provides a variety of products including screen magnification software, magnifiers, watches, CCTVs, large display calculators and clocks.

Magnifying Aids, Inc.

4760 East Bay Dr. Suite E

Clearwater, FL 33764

727-526-2020 Office

727-531-7224 Fax

866-691-2450 Toll Chris@MagnifyingAids.com www.MagnifyingAids.com

Magnifying Aids - Low Vision Center is a leading low vision and blindness company with retail stores, internet web sites and a mail order catalog.

The Magnifying Center/Magnifying America

2129 SW Hwy 484

Ocala, FL  34473

Toll Free: 800-364-1610

Fax: 352-307-6614 orders@magnifyingcenter.com www.magnifyingcenter.com/

They sell magnifiers, computer magnifiers, and a variety of talking aids at their several Florida showrooms and by mail order.

Maxi-Aids, Inc.

42 Executive Blvd.

Farmingdale, NY 11735

To order, call 1-800-522-6294 .

For information, call (631) 752-0521.

Fax: (631) 752-0689

TTY: (631) 752-0738

To send an e-mail, go to www.maxiaids.com/contactUs

Web site: http://www.maxiaids.com/blind-and-low-vision-store

Maxi-Aids carries a large assortment of items for those with low vision, including talking alarm clocks, liquid level indicators, light detectors, bold-line paper, braille tape measures, tactile geometry tools; braille calendars, games and toys, watches, and notetakers; a variety of canes; color identifiers; labelers and label systems; large print address books and calendars; and much more.

Miami Lighthouse for the Blind and Visually Impaired

Low Vision Center

601 SW 8th Avenue

Miami, FL  33130

Store: 786-362-7489

Fax: 305-285-6967 info@miamilighthouse.org www.miamilighthousevisionsolutions.org/

At the Vision Solutions Center, a whole world of special magnifying devises exists to assist with specific tasks, including bold line markers, hand-held magnifiers, closed-circuit television, read/write systems and miniature spotting scopes. Instructors are available to provide assistance with selection and guidance on how to use one’s vision to its fullest potential.

MONS International, Inc.

6595 Roswell Road #224

Atlanta, GA 30328

Toll Free: 800-541-7903


Fax: 770-551-8460

To send an e-mail, go to http://www.magnifiers.com/catalog/contact_us.php www.magnifiers.com/catalog/specials.php

Provides CCTV & High Technology, GREAT DEALS on Used Products, Lighting, Magnifiers, Spectacles, Sunglasses, and Telescopes & Binoculars

Optelec US Inc.

3030 Enterprise Court, Suite C

Vista, CA 92081

Toll Free: 800-826-4200

Fax: 800-368-4111 info@optelec.com www.optelec.com/

Offers portable and desktop video magnifiers. text-to-speech products, magnifiers, telescopes, and spectacles.

PDS-Personal Data Systems, Inc.

Personal Data Systems

638 Sobrato Ln

Campbell, CA 95008


To send an e-mail, go to www.personaldatasystems.com/contact.html www.personaldatasystems.com/default.asp

DECtalk Express Repair; The Audpater Speech System

Resources for Rehabilitation

22 Bonad Road

Winchester, MA 01890


Fax: 781-368-9096 info@rfr.org www.rfr.org/

Publishes Living with Low Vision: A Resource Guide for People with Sight Loss, a directory of services and products for people with low vision of all ages, including self-help groups, the ADA, high tech equipment, internet resources and more. 18 point bold type.

TeleSensory Corporation

4545 Stockdale Hwy. Suite "F"

Bakersfield, California 93309

Toll Free: 800-804-8004


Fax: 661-832-6557 info@telesensory.com www.telesensory.com/

Products include: Handheld and Portable Olympia and Pico Magnifiers; transportable Vertex and Vertex Pro desktop magnifiers; desktop Aladdin, Apex, Atlas, Genie, Rainbow, and Sunshine CCTVs; Ovation OCR Scanners.

Universal Low Vision Aids, Inc.

1350 W. 5th Ave., Suite 112

Columbus, Ohio 43212


Fax 614-224-2258 www.ulva.com/

Products include Duxbury Braille, Zoomtext Express, Megadots ZoomText Magnifier, ZoomText MR, Window-Eyes Pro, Duxbury Braille Zoomtext Express, Victor Reader Stream, Braille Embossers/ Printers; Braille Displays; Daisy Players; Digital Recorders

Vision Technology Store

8501 Delport Drive

Saint Louis MO 63114-5905

To send an e-mail, go to www.visiontechnology.com/support/Contactus.php www.visiontechnology.com/store/index.php

Vision Technology designs and creates electronic vision aids for individuals with macular degeneration, cataracts, diabetic retinopathy, glaucoma among others.

This Web page was last updated September 12, 2014.


All the above information is introduced from http://acb.org/resources-people-low-vision

New Posts
  • 2018 Comprehensive Eye Care Section Ocular Photography Contest Now Open The Comprehensive Eye Care Section would like to announce that the 2018 Ocular Photography Contest is currently open and will close at 11:45 PM CST on August 1, 2018, with the winners being notified by September 1, 2018. Optometrists may submit up to two entries per category: •    Anterior Segment Category: Lids, Conjunctiva, Cornea, Contact Lens, Iris, Lens, Angle/Gonioscopy, Color photo, Anterior Seg OCT. •    Posterior Segment Category: Vitreous, Optic Nerve, Retina, Color/Red-free photo, Fluorescein Angiography/ICG, Fundus Auto-fluorescence, Posterior Seg OCT, HRT, GDx, B-scan ultrasound. The grand prize winner from each category will receive complimentary registration for Academy 2018 San Antonio and will have his or her photograph published in the OVS Journal, as well as in the meeting show daily, AAO Times. In addition to the two grand prize winners, the contest will award 4 honorable mentions. All of the winning submissions will be assembled into a photo tower which will be on display at the Academy meeting. Please complete the submission form to enter the contest. Please note the submission process has changed and submissions must be completed entirely at this website.  Please note: partial submissions cannot be saved and accessed at a later time; therefore, be prepared to complete your submission in its entirety. Emailed submission forms and photos will no longer be accepted. Late or incomplete submissions will not be considered. If you have any questions, please email contest co-chairs Dr. April M. Lewis and Dr. Melanie Gonzalez-Oliva at AcademyPhotographyContest@gmail.com . For full contest rules please visit the 2018 Ocular Photography Contest webpage. Also, you may view the previous contest winning submissions online. All the above information and articles are introduced from https://www.aaopt.org/detail/news/2018/06/15/2018-comprehensive-eye-care-section-ocular-photography-contest-now-open
  • Low vision is a term that refers to vision 20/70 or worse that cannot be fully corrected by glasses or contact lenses. People with low vision generally fall into two groups: partially sighted (meaning they have a visual acuity between 20/70 and 20/200 with the aid of corrective lenses), and legally blind (meaning vision is no better than 20/200 with regular correction aids).  What Causes Low Vision? Eye diseases are a common cause of low vision and many eye diseases have no early symptoms. Regular eye exams are important to check for early warning signs of serious eye and other health concerns. Between exams, it is important to let your eye care professional know if you notice any changes in your vision or if your eye is injured in any way. There are a wide variety of causes of low vision, including: Macular degeneration Diabetes/Diabetic retinopathy Glaucoma Cataracts Retinitis pigmentosa Inherited diseases Eye injury Symptoms of Low Vision A thorough eye examination is needed to diagnose causes of low vision. People with low vision may experience the following symptoms: Loss of central vision Night blindness Loss of peripheral vision Blurred vision Hazy vision Treatments for Low Vision Low vision cannot be fully corrected. However, there are a wide array of devices to help people with low vision, including tinted eyewear to help with light sensitivity and contrast, magnifiers (hand held and for digital or computer use), and large-print reading materials or audio recordings. There are certain eye care professionals who specialize in rehabilitation for low vision, who can help you continue many of your normal activities with some modifications. Ask your eye care professional if this may help you. NPR.0413.USA.17 All the above information and articles are introduced from http://www.bausch.com/your-eye-concerns/diseases-and-disorders/low-vision
  • Your Sight Depends on Seeing the Right Eye Care Provider at the Right Time When it's time to "get your eyes checked," make sure you are seeing the right eye care professional for your needs. Ophthalmologists, optometrists and opticians each play an important role in providing eye care to consumers. But the levels of training and expertise are quite different for each type of provider. Here's a quick look at the types of eye care providers: An ophthalmologist is a medical or osteopathic doctor who specializes in eye and vision care. Ophthalmologists differ from optometrists and opticians in their levels of training and in what they can diagnose and treat. As a medical doctor who has completed college and at least eight years of additional medical training, an ophthalmologist is licensed to practice medicine and surgery. An ophthalmologist diagnoses and treats all eye diseases , performs eye surgery and prescribes and fits eyeglasses and contact lenses to correct vision problems. Many ophthalmologists are also involved in scientific research on the causes and cures for eye diseases and vision disorders. Subspecialists: additional knowledge and training for specific eye needs While ophthalmologists are trained to care for all eye problems and conditions, some ophthalmologists specialize in a specific area of medical or surgical eye care. This person is called a subspecialist . He or she usually completes one or two years of additional, more in-depth training called a fellowship in one of the main subspecialty areas such as glaucoma, retina, cornea, pediatrics, neurology and plastic surgery, as well as others. This added training and knowledge prepares an ophthalmologist to take care of more complex or specific conditions in certain areas of the eye or in certain groups of patients. Optometrist � � Optometrists are healthcare professionals who provide primary vision care ranging from sight testing and correction to the diagnosis, treatment, and management of vision changes. An optometrist is not a medical doctor. An optometrist receives a doctor of optometry (OD) degree after completing four years of optometry school, preceded by three years or more years of college. They are licensed to practice optometry, which primarily involves performing eye exams and vision tests, prescribing and dispensing corrective lenses, detecting certain eye abnormalities, and prescribing medications for certain eye diseases. this article is adapted from https://www.aao.org/eye-health/tips-prevention/what-is-ophthalmologist